Mai 21
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Fév 02

Afin de gérer un problème de droits, j’ai eu besoin d’avoir la liste des utilisateurs de la base de données avec leurs droits effectifs sur les différents objets.

Cette question a déjà été posée sur Stack Overflow et une des réponses me donne exactement ce dont j’ai besoin !

    --1) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group directly
    SELECT
        [UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
                         WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                         WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                         WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                     END,
        [DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],
        [LoginName]        = ulogin.[name],
        [Role]             = NULL,
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Database user
        sys.database_principals            AS princ
        --Login accounts
        LEFT JOIN sys.server_principals    AS ulogin    ON ulogin.[sid] = princ.[sid]
        --Permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        princ.[type] IN ('S','U','G')
        -- No need for these system accounts
        AND princ.[name] NOT IN ('sys', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA')

UNION

    --2) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group through a database or application role
    SELECT
        [UserType] = CASE membprinc.[type]
                         WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                         WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                         WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                     END,
        [DatabaseUserName] = membprinc.[name],
        [LoginName]        = ulogin.[name],
        [Role]             = roleprinc.[name],
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Role/member associations
        sys.database_role_members          AS members
        --Roles
        JOIN      sys.database_principals  AS roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
        --Role members (database users)
        JOIN      sys.database_principals  AS membprinc ON membprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
        --Login accounts
        LEFT JOIN sys.server_principals    AS ulogin    ON ulogin.[sid] = membprinc.[sid]
        --Permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        membprinc.[type] IN ('S','U','G')
        -- No need for these system accounts
        AND membprinc.[name] NOT IN ('sys', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA')

UNION

    --3) List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
    SELECT
        [UserType]         = '{All Users}',
        [DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',
        [LoginName]        = '{All Users}',
        [Role]             = roleprinc.[name],
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Roles
        sys.database_principals            AS roleprinc
        --Role permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        --All objects
        JOIN      sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        roleprinc.[type] = 'R'
        AND roleprinc.[name] = 'public'
        AND obj.[is_ms_shipped] = 0

ORDER BY
    [UserType],
    [DatabaseUserName],
    [LoginName],
    [Role],
    [Schema],
    [ObjectName],
    [ColumnName],
    [PermissionType],
    [PermissionState],
    [ObjectType]
Jan 24
  • La vidéo

Jan 15

Kunal Chowdhury a publié sur son blog un graphique représentant en un coup d’œil les évolutions du langage C#.
Il y détaille également ces évolutions.

Il peut être intéressant d’avoir ce graphe sous la main !
Evolution of C# (1.0 - 6.0) - www.kunal-chowdhury.com

Source : http://www.kunal-chowdhury.com/2016/01/csharp-basics.html

Nov 07

Premier enregistrement avec le plugin BIAS FX !

  • La vidéo